Loading and Unloading

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The steps to loading and unloading a gun vary for different gun types. Always review the gun’s manual for the specific instructions.

Regardless of the gun type, one must always do a chamber check prior to loading and unloading.



  1. Do a chamber check. Leave the cylinder open.
  2. Load rounds into each chamber or use a speed loader.
  3. Check if all chambers are full.
  4. Close the cylinder.


  1. Do a chamber check.
  2. Push on the ejector rod to unload all chambers




  1. Do a chamber check. Leave the cylinder open.
  2. Insert the magazine with the safety on.
  3. Switch off the safety.
  4. Pull the slide with your support hand, then release. You’ll know you’ve fully released the slide if your support hand touches your shoulder.

Note: Not fully releasing the slide may cause issues to the gun’s performance.

  1. Do another chamber check and then switch on the safety.


  1. Do a chamber check.
  2. Switch on the safety, while resting your finger outside the trigger guard.
  3. Take out the magazine and remove the cartridges inside.
  4. Pull the slide and allow the round to fall into your hand.
  5. Do another chamber check and then switch on the safety.

Stance and Grip

Having the right stance and grip is just as important as the gun type for any situation that involves shooting.

To prepare you for any situation and to improve accuracy, keep in mind the correct stance and grip.


  1. Stand with your feet parallel to your shoulders. If you’re not comfortable, try moving your feet further apart.
  2. Slide your gun foot about six inches to the back.
  3. Lean forward slightly and bend your knees. In the correct angle, you should be able to withstand a slight push without falling backward. This will allow your body to absorb the gun’s recoil.
  4. Practice a few more times for muscle memory.


  1. Hold the gun with your gun hand. Your hand should be positioned as high as possible on the backstrap. However, make sure your hand will not be “bitten” by the slide when it comes back.
  2. Using three fingers and your thumb, grip the gun. Keep your index finger along the frame and away from the trigger.
  3. With your support hand, point your thumb toward your target.
  4. Move your support hand to the side of the gun.
  5. Rest your palm on the side of the gun, then wrap four fingers around the fingers of your gun hand. They should all be underneath the trigger guard, with your gun thumb resting on top of your support thumb.
  6. Make sure your hands meet in the back. At the point where your hands meet, roll your elbows a bit and squeeze your hands together.